Quad Cluster: Dalton Cluster
Cultural Period: 10,500 – 9,900 B.P.
Transitional Paleo Late Pleistocene to Early Holocene
Description of Physical Characteristics and Flaking Pattern: This is a broad medium auriculate point with a flattened to a thin elliptical cross section. The blade is recurvate being excurvate to the hafting region and incurvate at the hafting region. The hafting area has a constricted waist with auricles pointing downward. The base is concave. The base may be thinned or have short fluting. A key characteristic of this type is the base or auricles are the widest portion of the point. Typically, the bottom 1/3 of the point has grinding and smoothing including the basal edge. This point may have a flaking pattern that ranges from random to collateral.
Size Measurements: Total Length – 35 to 86 mm (57 mm average), Blade Width – 17 to 35 mm (23 mm average), Basal Width – 23 to 36 mm, Thickness – 7 mm average, Basal Concavity – 3 to 7 mm
This point is similar to the Beaver Lake point except it is shorter, broader, and thinner in cross section with more pronounced ears. The relationship of this point is unclear. Some believer that this is the point between the earlier Clovis point and the later Dalton point. Others believe that this evolved from the Simpson point and into the Beaver Lake point. Still other believe that this evolved from the Cumberland point and into the Beaver Lake point.
Point Validity: Valid Type
Soday was a well-respected archaeologist conducted numerous surveys and excavations and is well published. He served as the president of the Alabama Archaeological Society. Bell was a professor of anthropology and Museum Curator in Oklahoma and did extensive work at the Spiro Mounds. This type was named in a professional publication and has many professional references. This is considered a valid type.
This point is primarily found in the Tennessee River Valley. They are found with less frequency into the Ohio River valley. They are infrequently found into Iowa, Minnesota, and Wisconsin. May be found in other highlighted areas with less frequency.