• Time Period : 10000-3000 B.P.
• Location : Louisiana to New Mexico to Canada and the Northwest coast.
• Shape : Stemmed
A medium to large size, broad stemmed point with convex to parallel sides and weak shoulders. The stem is parallel to expanding. The basal area is ground. Most examples have horizontal to oblique parallel flaking and are of high quality and thinness. Made by the Cody Complex people. Believed to have evolved into Hardin in later times.
Description of Physical Characteristics and Flaking Pattern:
This is a medium to large triangular stemmed point with an elliptical to median ridge cross section. The blade is excurvate. Some examples have the blade curving in at the tip and having parallel sides, while other examples have a triangular excurvate blade. The shoulders are weak to absent and may be horizontal to having an upward angle. The stem is most commonly straight, but may vary to slightly expanding and generally equal in length and width. The base may range from slightly convex to straight with heavy basal and lateral edge grinding. This point has a high quality of workmanship and uses transverse pressure flaking forming a pattern that may range from horizontal to parallel oblige flaking. Heat treatment is not used on this type.
Size Measurements: Total Length – 50 to 150 mm (average 75 to 102 mm) Stem Length – 1/3 to 1/10 the total length, Width – 22 to 36 mm, Stem Width – 20 to 30 mm, Thickness – 6 to 13 mm
Type I: This is a longer point with a thicker cross section and weaker shoulders. The stem is formed by basal grinding instead of flaking.
Type II: This is a shorter and wider point with a thinner cross section and more defined shoulders. The cross section is more elliptical.
This point is commonly found in Wyoming to Colorado and western Nebraska. They are common on the High Places from New Mexico to Canada. They are found in into Texas and Ontario. Justice (1987) notes that the Cody Complex has not been found into the Ohio River basin, but similar points have been found resembling Cody Complex type points, but are generally typed as McConnell Lanceolate, Stringtown, and Ohio Stemmed type points.